Prolactin is a hormone produced by the pituitary gland. An extremely important compound for the body, because it is responsible for many processes taking place in the body of both women and men. Specialists indicated 300 functions of this hormone.
The prolactin is also called luteotropic hormone, it is associated with the production of milk in mammals, which takes place in response to breastfeeding of young people at birth. The functionality of prolactin can be subdivided into..: reproductive, metabolic, regulatory fluids, regulatory immune system, regulatory behavioural functions. In the human body, prolactin is produced not only in the pituitary gland, but also in the uterus, breasts, prostate and skin by immune cells.
The influence of prolactin on the functioning of the sexual system
Prolactin is a hormone synthesized in the lactotropic cells of the anterior pituitary gland of the pituitary gland. Normal PRL levels are lower than 20 ng/ml in women and lower than 15 ng/ml in men. A slightly higher concentration of this hormone in the blood can be caused by stress, for example. Prolactin also affects the function of the corpus luteum, the male gonadal function and the reticular layer of the adrenal cortex. The hormone also affects the immune system as it has an immunostimulatory character. Excess hormone inhibits gonadotropin secretion from the pituitary gland.
Who's the prolactin therapy for?
Increased prolactin levels. In blood, it's a medical condition called hyperprolactinemia. The treatment of this disease depends on the symptoms of the disease and its severity. The therapy aims to reduce the size of the prolactin tumor and balance the concentration of this hormone in the blood. Treatment is based on the use of dopaminergic drugs, which normalize the level of prolactin in the blood. This disease can affect both women and men. To a significant extent, it can lead to a reduction in sexual desire.
Prolactin therapy and overdose
Hyperprolactinemia is a phenomenon which is characterized by a significantly higher concentration of prolactin in blood. This condition is most often noticed. In the case of pregnancy, administer drugs that work on the principle of reducing dopamine in the body. The symptoms that distinguish hyperprolactinemia are: menstrual cycle disorders, headaches, vision disorders, reduced libido, symptoms characteristic of estrogen deficiency in women and testosterone deficiency in men.
Those affected can receive treatment with drugs that mimic dopamine. However, in order to implement appropriate treatment, you need prolactin tests to show elevated levels of prolactin. Excess prolactin in the blood is usually associated with the examination of thyroid hormones.